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2 mins Read | 3 Weeks Ago

How The Tenure Of Your Fd Affects Its Interest Rate

Benefits of Fixed Deposit Calculator for Retirement Planning


FDs are a popular choice for many Indians due to their safety and a reliable way to grow your money. However, the interest rate you receive on your FD is not fixed by banks or financial institutions. Among many factors that impact your returns, is the tenure or the number of years you decide to lock in your money in Fixed Deposits.

In this article, Fixed Deposit tenure and its impact on the interest rate we earn will be explained. This will help us understand other factors that influence FD interest rates so that we can make an informed decision.

Understanding FD tenure

Fixed Deposit tenure refers to the time duration for which you commit your money to the bank. This timeframe can vary greatly depending on your financial goals. For instance, if you are saving for a short-term objective like a vacation or a new appliance, you might choose a shorter Fixed Deposit tenure to ensure you have easy access to your funds, when needed. However, if you are planning for a long-term goal like retirement or a down payment on a house, opting for a longer tenure FD can be more beneficial. This is because banks offer higher interest rates for ‘locking in’ your money for a lengthy period. In simpler terms, a longer tenure equals potentially higher returns on your investment.

Factors affecting Fixed Deposit interest rates

Fixed Deposits earn interest and are one of the more popular investment choices. FD interest rates may change based on certain conditions. Let us look at factors that affect interest rates:

  • Market conditions: Inflation and higher lending rates have a significant impact on interest rates. When inflation is high, money's purchasing power decreases. To control this, banks raise FD interest rates to attract more investors. On the other hand, during times of low inflation and lower lending rates, FD interest rates may decrease to match the market conditions.
  • RBI Policies: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) plays a crucial role in determining key policy rates that influence interest rates across the banking sector. RBI indirectly makes changes to interest rates by adjusting the repo rate. For instance, banks may reduce FD interest rates to increase borrowing and spending, once RBI lowers the repo rate.
  • Credit ratings of banks: Banks with higher credit ratings are considered more stable and less risky. Consequently, they can offer slightly lower interest rates on FDs.
  • Liquidity needs: Banks adjust FD interest rates based on their liquidity requirements. During periods of low liquidity, banks may offer higher interest rates on longer tenures to attract more funds. This strategy helps banks meet their short-term and long-term funding needs efficiently.
  • Deposit amount: Some banks may offer slightly higher interest rates for larger FD deposits. This practice encourages individuals with substantial savings to invest more, benefiting both the depositor and the bank.

Impact of an FD tenure on the interest rate and your goals

Understanding the impact of tenure on the interest rate of FDs plays an important role in assessing various options and choosing the best one available to you. Let us understand this in simpler ways:

Scenario 1: Short-term financial goals

A shorter tenure can be beneficial if you have immediate needs like going on vacation or buying a new gadget. With a short-term deposit, you can easily access your funds when needed.

Scenario 2: Long-term financial goals

Longer-tenure FDs might be more suitable if you are thinking about big goals like retirement or buying a house. They offer the advantage of compounded interest over time, making your money grow faster.

Fixed Deposits offered by ICICI Bank:

ICICI Bank's FDs cater to a variety of needs. They are known for assured returns, meaning you will earn a fixed interest rate on your investment. This offers peace of mind and helps you plan your finances for the future. ICICI Bank prioritises liquidity on FDs by providing various tenure options. This means you can access your funds before the maturity date in emergencies. They also offer instant FD creation, allowing you to open an FD online anytime, anywhere, in just a minute!

ICICI Bank understands that financial goals can be different for everyone. That's why they provide flexible tenures ranging from 7 days to 10 years. This allows you to tailor your FD to your specific needs, whether saving for a short-term goal or a long-term dream.


Any investor must know how an FD tenure and other factors influence interest rates, which will help them make informed decisions. Remember, the key is finding the right balance between tenure and financial goals. Do you need quick access to funds for a short-term goal or are you saving for a long-term dream? Choosing the right FD tenure can significantly impact your returns.

Do not forget to leverage the power of research! Start comparing FD interest rates offered by different banks or financial institutions and utilise ICICI Bank’s FD calculators to estimate your potential earnings. By following these tips, you can unlock the full potential of your FDs and watch your savings grow steadily.

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